The Bentley Snow Crystal Collection of the Buffalo Museum of Science
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Links

Introduction to Photomicrography:
http://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/primer/photomicrography/index.html
 
Snow Crystals and micrographic technique:
http://www.its.caltech.edu/~atomic/snowcrystals/
 
NASA's Snow and Ice Data Center (University of Colorado--Boulder):
http://nsidc.org/cryosphere/
 
The Snow Booklet excerpts:
http://ulysses.atmos.colostate.edu/~odie/snowtxt.html#Cover
 
Jericho Historical Society:
http://www.snowflakebentley.com
 
To Purchase Prints of these Snowflakes from the Jericho Historical Society:
http://vermontsnowflakes.com/
 
Nikon MicroscopyU Knowledge Database:
http://www.microscopyu.com/knowledge/knowledge.asp
 

Bibliography

           
           
           
           
           
           

Hint! To get started on library research about Bentley, try searching under the Library of Congress Subject Headings listed under the following headings:

Books

Snowflakes -- Pictorial works.
Frost.
Ice.
Crystallization.

Bentley, W. A. (1903). Studies among the snow crystals during the winter of 1901-2 with additional data collected during previous winters and twenty-two half-tone plates: Reprinted from the Annual Summary of the Monthly Weather Review for 1902. Washington, D. C.: Government Printing Office. 31 p., 22 p. of plates: ill.

Bentley, W. A. (1908). Studies of frost and ice crystals: Reprinted from The Monthly Weather Review for August, September, October, November, and December, 1907. Washington, D. C.: Government Printing Office. (GovDoc No. A 29.6/a/2:F 93). 22 p. 31 plates.

Bentley, W. A. (1936). Snow. Encyclopaedia Britannica: Vol. 20 (14th ed., pp. 854-856).

Bentley, W. A. & Humphreys, W. J. (1962). Snow crystals. New York: Dover. (Unabridged and unaltered republication of the work first published in 1931). 226 p. (chiefly illus.) port.
Bibliography: p. 19-20.

Bentley, W. A. (2000). Snowflakes in photographs. Mineola, NY: Dover.
(Originally published in 1931 as Snow crystals. New York: McGraw-Hill).
72 p.: ill.

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Unpublished By Bentley

Library of Congress subject headings:
Meteorology -- Observations.
Snowflakes.
Ice crystals.

Bentley, W. A. (1980). Miscellaneous publications, articles and reprints by and about Bentley. Unpublished manuscript photocopied from the collection preserved in the library of the University of Vermont and from the collection in the Atmospheric Sciences Library, U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; Air Force Geophysics Laboratory Research Library, Hanscom Air Force Base, MA. 1 v.: ill.
Includes bibliographical references.

Buffalo Society of Natural Sciences & Bentley, W. A. (1980). Notebooks 1885-1930 by Wilson A. Bentley. Unpublished manuscript photocopied from the typed transcriptions in the Research Library of the Buffalo Society of Natural Sciences; Buffalo Museum of Science, Buffalo, NY.

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Articles By Bentley


Bentley, W. A. (1898). A study of snow crystals. Appleton's Popular Scientific Monthly, 53(1), 75-82.

Bentley, W. A. (1900). A study of snow crystals. Popular Science (formerly Boston Journal of Chemistry), 34, 52-53.

Bentley, W. A. (1901, December–1902, May). The story of the snow crystals. Harper's Magazine, 104, 111.

Bentley, W. A. (1901). Twenty years’ study of snow crystals. Monthly Weather Review, 29(5), 212-214.

Bentley, W. A. (1902). Studies among the snow crystals during the winter of 1901-2, with additional data collected during previous winters. Monthly Weather Review, 30(13), 607-616.

Bentley, W. A. (1906). Snow rollers. Monthly Weather Review, 34(7), 325-326.

Bentley, W. A. (1907, August -December). Studies of frost and ice crystals. Monthly Weather Review, 35(8-12), 348-352, 397-403, 439-444, 512-516, 584-585.

Bentley, W. A. (1910). Marvel of the snow gems. Tech World Magazine, 13, 24-27.

Bentley, W. A. (1918). Photomicrographs of snow crystals, and methods of reproduction. Monthly Weather Review, 46, 359-360. 2 plates.

Bentley, W. A. (1922). Photographing snowflakes. Popular Mechanics Magazine, 37, 309-312.

Bentley, W. A. (1922). Photographing snow crystals. American Photography, 16, 10.

Bentley, W. A. (1923). The magic beauty of snow and dew. National Geographic Magazine, 43, 103-112.

Bentley, W. A. (1924). Forty years study of snow crystals. Monthly Weather Review 52(11), 530-532.

Bentley, W. A. (1927). Some recent treasures of the snow. Monthly Weather Review, 55(8), 358-359.

Bentley, W. A. (1929). Snowflakes, nature’s wonder gems. Buffalo Museum of Science’s Hobbies, 9(5), 147.

Bentley, W. A. (1931). Conical snow. Monthly Weather Review, 59(10), 388.

Bentley, W. A. (1931, April 10). The 1931 snowflake crop: A poor season, Bentley says. he got less than 50 new snowflakes to bring his total to 5,381. The Burlington Free Press.

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Visual Material of Bentley’s Work

Library of Congress subject headings:
Snowflakes.
Ice crystals.

American Association of Physics Teachers & Bentley, W. A. (1970?). Bentley’s snowflakes and ice crystals [Projected image; 2 x 2 in. slides]. Stony Brook, NY: American Association of Physics Teachers. 16 b&w slides + guide.

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Books/ Chapters

Library of Congress subject headings:
Snowflakes.
Snowflakes -- Pictorial works.
Nature photography.
Meteorologists -- United States -- Biography.
Photomicrography -- History.
Photographers -- United States -- Biography.
Bentley, W. A. (Wilson Alwyn), 1865-1931.

Blanchard, D. (1998). The snowflake man: A biography of Wilson A. Bentley. Blacksburg, VA: McDonald & Woodward. 237 p.: ill.
Includes bibliographical references (p. 219-223) and index.

Noble, M. (2001). Snowflake designs. Dover Pictorial Archive Series.
Mineola, NY: Dover. 43 p.: all ill.

Prior, D. (1984). Wilson A. Bentley, 1865-1931: photographer of snow crystals. History of Photography Monograph Series, (No. 10). Tempe, AZ: School of Art, Arizona State University. 16 p.: ill.
Printed in an edition of 200 copies / Bibliography: p. 14.

Wilson Alwyn Bentley. (1933). The National Cyclopedia of American Biography, 23 (pp. 172-173).

Wilson Alwyn Bentley. (1944). Dictionary of American Biography, 21, Sup. 1, (pp. 71-72).

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Contemporary Articles About Bentley (chronological)

Bigelow, E. F. (1900, February). The snow crystals. St. Nicholas, 27, 357-358.

Snow crystals. (1904). National Geographic Magazine, 15, 30-37.

Something for our junior members to do in February: look at snowflakes under a microscope. (1915, February). Home Progress, 4, 869-872.

Gem hunting among the snowflakes. (March 1917). Boy's Life, p.19.

Snowflakes under the microscope. (1920, February). Country Life, 37, 60.

Steep, T. (1920, September 26). Scientist devotes thirty-five years to study of snowflakes. New York Tribune, Sec. VII, page 5.

Makes artcraft designs from microscopic crystals. (1920 October 24). The Boston Herald, p. 6.

Powers, J. H. (1921, January 2). Fame comes to Snowflake Bentley after 35 patient years. The Boston Sunday Globe, page 2.

Bache, R. (1922, February 26). The jewels that fall from the skies. Philadelphia Public Ledger.

Mullet, M. B. (1925, February). The snowflake man. The American Magazine, 99, 28-31, 173-175.

Snowflake hides beauty secret from her most persistent suitor. (1926, April 4). Philadelphia Public Ledger and North American.

Marvelous crystal structures from cloudland. (1926). Scientific American, 135, 411.

Every snowball an art gallery. (1929, March). Popular Science Monthly.

Reeds, C. A. (1929). When winter comes. Natural History, 29, 17-32.

Lyon, C. L. (1930). Snowflakes. Nature Magazine, 15, 19-21, 57.

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Obituaries (chronological)

W. A. Bentley is dead at Jericho home. (1931, December 24). The Burlington Free Press and Times.

The shapes of snow crystals are determined by the height from which they fall, and in 40 years of photographing the microscopic jewels a Vermont scientist has found no twins. (1932, January 10). The Springfield Sunday Union and Republican.

Humphreys, W. J. (1932, April 8). Wilson Alwyn Bentley [Obituary]. Science, 75.


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Posthumous Articles About Bentley (chronological)

Speaking of pictures...these are snow jewels. (1942, February 2). Life, p. 6-7, 9.

Cummings, C. E. (1947). Wilson Alwyn Bentley snowflake plates acquired. Buffalo Museum of Science’s Hobbies, 28(2).

Garboden, Cliff. (1990, December 23). Snowflake Bentley. The Boston Globe Magazine, p.9.

Blanchard, D. C. (1970). Wilson Bentley, the snowflake man. Weatherwise, 23, 260-269.

Blanchard, D. C. (1973, May). Wilson Bentley, pioneer in snowflake photomicrography. Photographic Applications in Science, Technology and Medicine, 8(3), 26-28, 39-41.

Wilson Alwyn Bentley, snowflake photographer: 1865-1931. (1981, November-December). Harvard Magazine.

Markle, S. (1987). Snowflake science. Instructor, 97(4), 61.

Rennicke, J. (1990). Jewels from the sky. Backpacker, 18(7), 32.

Blanchard, D. C. (1996, February). Snowflake, we hardly knew ye. Yankee Magazine, 60(2), 11.

Blanchard, D. C. (1998). The snowflake man. Weatherwise, 51(1), 32.

Stoddard, G. (1998). A passion for snowflakes. Children’s Digest, 49(8), 28.

Meet Mr. Snowflake. (2002, December). Kids Discover, 12(12), 10.

Messina, C. (2003). Farmer Bentley’s amazing discovery. Fun For Kidz, 2, 24.

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Juvenile Books About Bentley

Library of Congress subject headings:
Snowflakes -- Juvenile literature.
Meteorologists -- United States -- Biography -- Juvenile literature.
Nature photography -- Juvenile literature.
Photographers -- United States -- Biography -- Juvenile literature.
Bentley, W. A. (Wilson Alwyn), 1865-1931 -- Juvenile literature.
Snow.

Fritts, M. & Jacobsen, L. (2002). My brother loved snowflakes: The story of Wilson A. Bentley, the snowflake man (1st ed.). Honesdale, PA: Boyds Mills Press. (unpaged): ill.

Martin, J. & Azarian, M. (Illustrator). (1998). Snowflake Bentley. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. (unpaged): col. ill.

Stoddard, G. (1979). Snowflake Bentley : Man of science, man of God. St. Louis: Concordia Publishing House. 128 p.: ill.
Bibliography: p. 123-128.

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Juvenile DVD & Video About Bentley

Library of Congress subject headings:
Snowflakes -- Juvenile films.
Nature photography -- Juvenile films.
Meteorologists -- United States -- Biography -- Juvenile films.
Photographers -- United States -- Biography -- Juvenile films.
Microphotography -- Juvenile films.
Bentley, W. A. (Wilson Alwyn), 1865-1931 -- Juvenile films.

Martin, J. & Azarian, M., Kerruish, S. (Produced & Directed), Gagne, P., Reilly, M., Connelley, S. (2003). Snowflake Bentley [Video recording; VHS tape]. Westport, CT: Weston Woods.

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Juvenile Audio About Bentley

Library of Congress subject headings:
Snowflakes -- Juvenile literature.
Meteorologists -- United States -- Biography -- Juvenile literature.
Nature photography -- Juvenile literature.
Photographers -- United States -- Biography -- Juvenile literature.
Bentley, W. A. (Wilson Alwyn), 1865-1931 -- Juvenile literature.
Snow.
Audiobooks collection -- Nonfiction.

Martin, J. & Azarian, M., Astin, S. (Narrator), Reading, D. (Composer). (2003). Snowflake Bentley [Sound recording; CD]. New York: Scholastic.

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Electronic About Bentley

Snowflakes -- Pictorial works.
Nature photography.
Meteorologists -- United States -- Biography.
Photomicrography -- History.
Photographers -- United States -- Biography.
Bentley, W. A. (Wilson Alwyn), 1865-1931 -- Interactive multimedia.

Jericho Historical Society (1999). Wilson "Snowflake" Bentley Digital Archives Volume 1: The man & his images (Final version) [Computer optical discs; CD for computer]. Jericho, VT: Peter Wolf Photo-Graphics/ Wolf Multimedia. 4 ¾ in CD: sd., b&w, col.
[System Requirements: Windows 95 or higher; Pentium 166 w/ sound card; 640 x 480 minimum screen resolution. Macintosh Power PC 180 or better; OS 7.6, 32 MB RAM; QuickTime 4.0 or better; Internet Explorer 4.5 (included) or better. CD ROM drive]

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